What fractals are good for, or, the creative use of fractal algorithms.
Fractal art needs a reboot, a re-thinking of what it’s all about. The optimistic forecasts from the early days of fractal art, the coming fame and pubic recognition, needs to be corrected and downgraded in light of what has actually come about in the years since then –actual conditions. Today’s fractal artists believe fractals are just another artistic medium like paint, clay or photography and therefore possessing similar artistic potential . They would probably say that the creative potential of fractal art is limited only by the creative ability of fractal artists.
What I intend to do in this second part of my series is talk about what fractals do best and how that relates to using them creatively –artistically. The down side, what fractals fail at will come in the next part, Part 3. Fractal artists are defensive of their art form because in their minds they’ve elevated fractals to the level of fine art and subsequently made them into something that continually falls short of it’s goal. We need to accept fractals for the simple and fun things that they are and quit hyping them as some new art form with super powers –digital da Vincis.
Once upon a time…
I remember the old days. It was only about ten years ago, 2002. I’d been playing around for about two years with my graphics program, the GIMP, making seamless tiles for web pages. Take any kind of image, apply the “Make Seamless” filter and then load it into a test web page. It was a kind of graphical jackpot machine; you never what the result was going to look like. I did just about anything you could to an image and then, “Make Seamless”. Sometimes the most interesting results were just cutting out a little square and using it as a tile without making it seamless. There were so many creative options.
I did feel at first that this new background tile thing could be a new and exciting 21st century art form. I was a bit of an art fan and had studied art in high school and read a few books, so I was always expecting somewhere to arise a new “art form”and the start of a new “revolution in art”. But after a year or two I came to see it as a decorative, design sort of thing and lost interest when the styles in web pages turned from being heavily textured, 3D everything to today’s more simpler, subdued styles. Today those background tiles and “left borders” look pretty retro, along with flaming text, turning java-cubes, embedded MIDI files…
I got interested in fractals, somehow, and settled down to playing a similar graphical game with Sterlingware, a classic fractal program by Stephen Ferguson. Once again, the creative options seemed endless and, if I do say so myself, I think stretched the creative boundaries of Sterlingware as far as they could go. Also, like seamless tiles, making fractals was pure joy and something that was so engrossing you often had to tear yourself away from before doing anything else. There was always some new parameter adjustment to experiment with and who could say what strange new world would grow up from that.
I saved a lot of images back then. I deleted a lot too. Over the years I came to save less. I came to make the images larger and larger and fewer and fewer. I became more discerning and overcame my “beginner’s excitement”that made me think everything was a great discovery. The images became a bit repetitive as I reached the limits of my experimenting and I tried out other fractal programs. They’re all different in some way but they were all similar in some ways too. One of the ways they were all similar is that the images often looked more interesting when I was making them than they did later on. Especially when I would review an entire (large) folder of them. I used to think this was because I’d lost a bit of my objectivity when playing around in the fractal program and just thought everything looked good.
Now I think differently . I think it’s because fractals are a more interesting and more creative experience when you can interact with them. There’s a dynamic with fractals that is lost when they’re presented in “static” form as an image separated from the flowing world of parameter changes. Fractal programs themselves are an art form, a generative art form. Saved images can show you what you might see in the program, a sample, but they can’t capture the interactive world experience that makes fractal programs such an engrossing experience.
The number one creative use of fractal algorithms is the creation of interactive programming. That’s the creation of fractal programs to experiment with fractal algorithms and rendering methods. I’m sure an audience would rather play with your parameter file than look at the image you made with it. It’s the difference between seeing an exotic tropical fish swimming in an aquarium and looking at one preserved and mounted on a board. Live fish are a much deeper and more complex kind of object than dead ones. I think of static fractal art images now as “Dead Fish Fractals”. Souvenirs rather than the real thing.
The real beauty of Stephen Ferguson’s fractal programs, like Sterlingware, or Tierazon is in the using of them. Most people wouldn’t see that as a fractal art form, but I do. Fractals are best presented in interactive form –a fractal program. Personally, I think Sterlingware is the best example. I’ve never seen any program that rivaled its interactive art powers. You can do almost everything from a mouse click.
Unfortunately, today the most common use of fractals creatively is saved images. They never compare to the rich, interactive form and I think the reason so many people make them is because traditionally that’s the form “real art” comes in: a still, captured image that can be printed out and framed just like a portrait can be “painted-out” and framed.
It probably sounds ridiculous to say such things in the fractal world today, but to experience the highest and most creative form of fractal art one needs to go no further than a fractal program. Fractals are first and foremost an interactive medium, and not a source of wall art. But one wouldn’t expect that because traditionally art is a “wall and frame” thing. This is what I mean when I say that most fractal artists don’t really understand fractals and what their most creative application is. Fractal programs are the real fractal art and fractal programmers the real artists in all this. Sterlingware is such a thrill because Stephen Ferguson understood fractals and how to make them look good as well as how to make it easy and fun for someone to experiment with and explore them. It’s an interactive canvas and the program is the frame.
But we all know this don’t we? We’ve just overlooked our own experience and thought that what our viewers will want most to see are saved images and not have the fractal “art experience” for themselves. We’ve been showing the world our snapshots when we should have been showing them how to go and see the real thing for themselves. (Or maybe fractal art audiences have been doing just that; sneaking past the art exhibits and exploring the software instead. That might explain why the number of fractal artists is growing while the size of the audience never changes.)
One could say that there are actually no fractal artists at all because the art is interactive and the viewers are really the so-called artists themselves who operate the programs. We photograph statues and call ourselves sculptors. The real fractal art exhibits are in the programs not in the portfolios.
Terry Gintz, a contemporary and colleague of Stephen Ferguson made a program that even further shows how the real creativity in the programming and “live” presentation of fractal imagery. The program, (Fractal Vizion, I think) generated random parameters and served up the image for you. I don’t think you could even tell it what formula to use. One of the several types of random images it would make was a fractal “landscape”. It drew it for you and colored it too. Each one was a different landscape and it was fun just to watch the program perform. That’s the sort of thing that exploits the creativity of fractal algorithms.
Fractal Explorer has a Strange Attractor feature that creates one random strange attractor shape after another. They’re all a little different and none of them looks like anything you’d ever make with your own hands. I went nuts over this thing and saved hundreds of them. But again, as with fractals, I came to realize that the context they were created in was more creative than any static collection I could come up with myself.
Also by Stephen Ferguson is the “Plum08” java applet that uses the Gumowski-Mira formula. It runs all by itself, initiating when the web page loads, and draws before you an endless series of subtly colored algorithmic sand dollars, african shields and plankton. The artist is the applet. Or maybe Steve, the author, is the artist? (An interesting note is that the applet has no save feature or even a pause button so you can take a screenshot, the applet is entirely something to watch although it’s the most impressive implementation of the Gumowski-Mira formula I’ve seen.)
What fractal algorithms can do before your eyes is more impressive than the record of what they’ve done before someone else’s. And the saved images are in a sense, merely a recording of a live performance, and much less than the real experience of being there. The interest in these programs has waned over the years because fractal enthusiasts have focused their attention on making “fractal art” rather than playing with it. Fractals have become intellectualized and their mechanical programming origins downplayed because they trivialize the work of “artists” by showing how easy and fun the creative process is.
The Grand Canyon is greater than all our snapshots of it. But the nature photographers want you to look at their photos and buy them and talk about how great they are instead of looking at the canyon for yourself because then you’ll be the same as they are. Ultra Fractal artists even go so far as to copyright their parameter files because they think they actually own the fractal landscape themselves because “they made it” by they punching in numbers that no else had ever (thought) to do, and like Captain Kirk in Star Trek, boldly went where no man has gone before. Fractal artists love to deny their humble origins and claim for themselves what are really the results of publicly owned, mathematical formulas.
Anyhow, I’m getting ahead of myself. That sort of stuff is for Part 2, where I intend to talk about the things that fractals fail to do. It’s kinda dark and gloomy because this pretense of “art” has put a shadow over the happy land of fractals. But you can still visit that land just by sparking up almost any fractal program and playing around with those creative marvels called fractal formulas. See for yourself what the best part of fractal art is all about. You don’t need a guide and you don’t need to be an “artist”.
You may already be an artist!
Creating fractals and viewing static images are certainly two different experiences, like taking photographs and viewing photographic prints are two different experiences. It’s not clear to me how you can definitively state that one type of experience is better than the other; you may enjoy one over the other, but who is to say that someone else may not enjoy the other more?
You also take (some) Ultra Fractal users to task for wanting to protect their parameter files. There is a one-to-one relationship between a parameter file and the image (just as there was with FractInt, some of whose users also protected their parameters), so there’s no fundamental difference between protecting the image and protecting the parameter file. Of course, the Grand Canyon is different from a photograph of it, but, in some cases, an image of the canyon might be preferred to the actual canyon experience (it may fit better in one’ apartment, for example). Again, they are different, like fractal images are different from the underlying mathematical landscape that they often represent. I’ve seen many people claim ownership of their images of the Mandelbrot (or Julia) set, but I’ve never seen anyone claim ownership of the Mandelbrot or Julia set, not even Drs. Mandelbrot or Julia themselves.
While I agree that there is a lot to be had from the fractal creation experience, I feel that overall, your analysis of the apparent dichotomy between creating and viewing fractals falls short in many areas.
that’s what i said in the Part 1 :)
The art is in the math, the source code, the program, the “process”, and not only in the final result alone :))
“It probably sounds ridiculous to say such things in the fractal world today, but to experience the highest and most creative form of fractal art one needs to go no further than a fractal program. Fractals are first and foremost an interactive medium, and not a source of wall art. But one wouldn’t expect that because traditionally art is a “wall and frame” thing.”
As an artist I am not looking for an ‘interactive experience’ but to communicate with the viewer. To me the ‘highest and most creative form of fractal art’ is that which can communicate strongly with the viewer. That communication doesn’t have to be a specific image or concept, it can be anything that engages the viewer. So my fractal art is definately a “wall and frame” thing, and is regularly displayed in art exhibitions and galleries. The responses the work gets demonstrates there are a significant number of viewers who enjoy experiencing the art without the ‘interactive experience’.
Without sharing the work with the general public one doesn’t know if the work really does communicate. Online art forums seldom provide any meaningful feedback. The comments at traditional art exhibits and galleries and the sale of work lets the artist know what, if anything, the work really communicates.
I had long turned my back on the promise of fractals until one day I was contacted by Johan Anderson and viewed his 3D work. Completely changed my view of fractals in art and their inherent possibilities. Johan gets it I thought, contacted him and we immediately grew a relationship. I took a few of his works and integrated my own artistic visions into them, some my own, some from Dali. The output was indeed art worthy. In the following months I have come to more closely look at fractyals that approach the “art” category. For the most part fractals are too abstract for the laymen observer. People in general need more than nice colors or swirls to captivate them (my apologies to the abstract expressionist lovers out there)so a fractal needs something to relate to. This can be provided in an element added to the render to relate to(perhaps as simple as a sky), or, in some cases, even the right title so the viewer can grasp the insight or emotion of the artist. These seeminglty small elements are much more important than one would assume for a fractal work…as they can be the only tie that binds the unknown math, to the emotion of a viewer